Synonyms

Synonyms

Background information
Synonyms are words that have the same, or almost the same meaning.

Examples: bang, large, grand.

Introducing Synonyms

Purpose
To understand and use words with the similar meaning.

Material
Glue
Slips of paper
Black coloring pencil
Heading that reads: synonyms.
Language arts channels and pencils.

Presentation
Most Montessori teachers introduce this topic in year one and review it in subsequent years.

Invite a small group of students together around a map.

Announce to the students that today they will examine words that have similar meanings.

PART 1: SYNONYMS FOR THE WORD “GLOBE”

Place the group and I met and ask if anyone knows what it’s called.

When Student answers, print the response on a slip of paper and place the label below the globe on the mat.

Invite the students to think of other words that mean the same or almost the same as “globe.” Examples of similar words: planet, world, earth.

Print each response on a slip of paper. Place the responses in a column beneath the word “globe” on the mat.

PART 2: SYNONYMS FOR THE WORD STUDENT

Print the word child in a slip of paper and place it on the mat

Invited Student to read the word allowed.

Invite the students to think of other words that mean the same are almost the same as “child.” Examples of similar words: youngster, infant and baby.

Place the responses in a column beneath the word “Student” on the mat.

PART THREE: DEFINING IN DISCUSSING THE TERM “SYNONYM”
Place the heading, synonym, at the top of the mat, facing the students.

Announce to the students that are synonyms a word that has the same are almost the same meaning as another word.

With the students to consider other words and write them on slips of paper. Place the words on the mat and place the corresponding synonyms in a column beneath each of the new words.

The students to write three non-related words in their journals. Encourage the students to think of as many synonyms as they can for each of the words, and write them in on the list. (Students can add the list over a series of days, if they like.)

Extensions
In pairs or a small group, read a short story (a picture book is perfect). Rewrite the story, substituting synonyms for as many words as possible. For example, the three little pigs can become the three tiny hogs. Share the story with classmates. How does the new version different from the original version? Synonyms are not exactly the same, so the stories might be quite different.

Play Synonym memory. Write at least 10 pairs of synonyms and slips of paper, one word per slip. Place the cards facedown on a map. Turn over to Karen’s. If they are synonyms, keep the pairs and take another turn. They are not synonyms, return the slips to their face down position and Ella someone else to take a turn.

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