Homonyms, Homophones, and Homographs

Homonyms, Homophones, and Homographs Background Information Many words in English have the sane sound and/or spelling, but different meanings. These are called homonyms. Homonym, from the Greek words homo (same) and onyma (names) means “same name.” Homophones are words that sound the same (therefore may also be considered a homonym), […]


Synonyms Background information Synonyms are words that have the same, or almost the same meaning. Examples: bang, large, grand. Introducing Synonyms Purpose To understand and use words with the similar meaning. Material Glue Slips of paper Black coloring pencil Heading that reads: synonyms. Language arts channels and pencils. Presentation Most […]


Activity 1 Introducing Antonyms Purpose To understand the concept of words with opposite meanings. Material Two clear glasses, one empty and one full. Two strings of the same color, one long and one short. Two squares of the same size, one black and one white. Heading that reads: antonyms. Slips […]

Introducing Antonyms

Antonyms Background information Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. Examples: black/white hot/cold empty/full. Students will naturally increase their vocabulary as they discover the antonyms of words with which they are already familiar. Did You Know? The word antonym is derived from the Greek anti, meaning opposed or opposite, and […]

Introducing Suffixes

Activity 1 Introducing Suffixes Purpose To become familiar with suffixes and understand how they change root words. Materials Toy sized farm tractor and trailer. Prepared labels with root words written anthem in black. Examples: dream, find, wish, sing Prepared labels with suffixes written on them, preferably in red: er, ing. […]


Suffixes Background Information Suffix is your affixes that appear after the root. Examples: -y, -ment, which, when added to the roots “word” and “judge” make “wordy” and “judgment.” When first introducing students to suffixes, introduce one root group at a time and use suffixes that works for all the words. […]

Introducing Prefixes

Activity 1 Introducing Prefixes Purpose To be able to understand and use prefixes Material One lace up show with he lace untied One slip on show Prepared label: tie (printed in black) Prepared labels for the prefixes: re, un, pre (preferably printed in red) Headings that read: Prefix (printed in […]


Prefixes Background Information Prefixes are affixes that go in front of root words to create new meanings. Prefixes can include a point in time or space (as in outside, prehistoric), the opposite (undo, inept), the number (trifocal, bifocal, unicycle), and many other things. Unlike suffixes, prefixes do not change the […]

Matching Words Logically to Form Compound Words

Activity 2 Matching Words Logically to Form Compound Words Purpose To practice forming common compound words. Material Two non-identical mats 10 prepared word labels. Examples: star, hair, Home, fire, friend, cup, rain, water, tooth, shoe. (have the labels in a pile.) NOTE: There should be some form of control of […]

Working With Closed Compound Words

Activity 1 Working with closed compound words Purpose To become familiar with the practice of combining two words to make one word. Materials Baby’s rattle Plastic model of a snake Picture of a rattlesnake Prepared labels for the following: rattle, snake, rattlesnake. Prepared headings for the following: Root, Root, Compound. […]