Addition Charts

ADDITION CHARTS 3, 4, 5 AND 6 (BLANK)

Purpose:
To give practice in the memorization of addition combinations.
The various charts give the possibility of repetition which helps fix the combinations in the memory.
Each chart is a variation on the preceding one.
The variations are there to sustain the child’s interest thereby extending his work with the addition combinations.

Materials:
Four baskets or boxes, each with red tickets for all of the addition problems of chart #1 written without answers.
Paper and pencil for Charts 3 to 5.
A box of tiles printed in answers to all problems used with Chart #6.

Control:
Addition Control Charts 1 & 2.
For Chart 6 – Chart 3.

Age:
5 – 6 years

CHART 3 Presentation: 

At the table, examine the chart with the child.
Ask the child to identify the numerals and the color across the top and repeat for the numerals down the left hand side.
Note that this chart is for the memorization of the addition facts.
Open the box of problems and select one, placing it on the top of the board.
Read the equation and write it.
Ask the child to guess the answer.

Fingering –
Find the first addend in the red column and mark it with your left index finger.
Find the second addend in the blue row and mark it with your right index finger.
Move the right finger down until it is in the same row as the left finger.
Move the left finger across until it meets the right finger. Where they meet is the answer.
Record the answer.
Repeat two more times then invite the child to do the fingering.
Check the work with Addition Control Chart #1.

Exercise: As in the presentation.

CHART 4 Presentation: 

Examine the chart, note it is only half the size of Chart 3.
There is no top blue row. Yet it has the same number of problems.
As before, the child selects, reads and writes a problem.
Encourage the child to guess the answer.

Fingering –
Place the left index finger on the larger addend and the right index finger on the smaller addend in the red column.
Move the right finger across to the end of the row.
Move the left finger across its row until it is in the same column as the right finger.
Move the right finger down the column until it meets the left finger.
Where they meet is the answer. Record answer.
Note: When the addends are the same, locate the numeral in the red column with both index fingers and move across to the end of the row to find the answer.
Repeat two more times then invite the child to do the fingering.
Check work with Addition Control Chart #2.

Exercise: As in the presentation.

CHART 5 Presentation: 

Examine the chart.
There are very few answers, however, we have the same number of problems.
As before, the child selects, reads and writes a problem.
Encourage the child to guess the answer.

Fingering –
Find addends along the red column as in Chart 4.
Slide both fingers to the end of their respective rows.
For an even answer: hop fingers simultaneously toward each other, on the diagonal square by square.
Where they meet is the answer.
Record the answer. For an odd answer: hop fingers as above.
They eventually land into squares which are touching.
The answer lies in the square which has become isolated by the fingers.
Record the answer. Repeat a few more times then invite the child to do the fingering.
Check work with Addition Control Chart #2.

Exercise: As in the presentation.

CHART 6 Presentation:

Examine the chart.
It is the same as Chart 3 except it is blank.
State, “This time you are going to give the answer instead of finding it.”
Introduce the tiles.
Lay out the tiles in an ordered arrangement – tiles progressing from 2 to 18 with like numbers together.
Note arrangement.
The child selects and reads a problem.
He finds the answer in the tiles and isolates the appropriate tile to the side of the chart.
Fingering is done in the same manner as for Chart 3.
Place the tile where the fingers meet.
Repeat until the chart is complete.
Check the work with Addition Chart 3.

Exercise: As in the presentation.

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