# Introducing Capitalization

Activity 1: Introducing Capitalization

Purpose
To be able to understand and use the conventions of capitalization.

Material
The printed lowercase alphabet

The printed uppercase alphabet

Language Arts journals and pencils

Presentation
Most Montessori teachers introduce this topic in Year 1 and review it as necessary in subsequent years.

Invite a small group of students to gather around a mat.

Announce to the students that today they will have the opportunity to learn about uppercase and lowercase letters.

Shuffle the 26 lowercase letters and distribute them among the students.

Invite the students to work together to line up the letters in alphabetical order on the mat.

When the students have finished, announce that these letters are lowercase letters. Place the heading: “Lowercase Letters” to the left of the mat.

Shuffle the 26 uppercase labels and distribute them among the students.

Announce to the students that these are uppercase letters. Uppercase letters are also called capital letters.

Explain to the students that there is both an uppercase and lowercase version of every letter in the alphabet.

Invite the students to, one at a time, place each uppercase letter below its corresponding lowercase letter on the mat.

Place the heading “Uppercase Letters” on the mat, left of the letters.

Ask the students to copy in their journals the alphabet(both lowercase and uppercase). More advanced students may wish to write complete words.

Extensions
Make a memory game using the uppercase and lowercase alphabet cards. Write each lowercase and uppercase letter of the alphabet on a card. Play a game with a friend or two (or more). Shuffle the cards, and place them all facedown on a mat or table. Turn over one card, then turn over another. If they are a pair (uppercase ad lowercase of the same letter),keep them in a pile beside you and take another turn. If they do not match, place them facedown in their original spot. Another student takes a turn. Continue playing until all the pairs have been matched.