Materials: a vase, a flower
a pitcher of water, a small glass
strips of paper, pens
grammar symbols previously used and the symbol for the preposition
The teacher writes a label for the flower and one for the vase. The child labels the objects and places the corresponding symbols over the words. In red the teacher writes another label with the preposition in. The child reads it; the label is placed between the other two labels, and the child reads the whole phrase. The flower must now be placed in the vase as the label says. This word in made the flower change its position. This word is a preposition and its symbol is this little green bridge.
(preposition: Latin praepositio < praeponere, meaning to place before – it is something that comes before something else.) The bridge was chosen to indicate a union, a close relationship between these two objects.
The objects labels are reversed and read – the green vase in the yellow flower. This does not make sense.
The exercise is repeated with the water and the glass, putting out labels and symbols, the preposition in, and its symbol. The child pours water into the glass. The positions of the nouns are reversed but this time, it is possible.
Materials: miniature environment, object labels
cards with prepositions
long strips on which phrases are printed
1.) The child is given an object label, which he/she/she reads, then gets the object and places the symbols over the words. The same child does the same for a second object. Then the teacher gives him/her/her a preposition card to place between. he/she/she matches the symbols to the preposition, puts the objects in the indicated relationship and copies the words into his/her/her notebook and adds the symbols. Those cards are removed but the objects remain as the children each place objects in special relationships.
Each time the result of this exercise is different. When the children work alone they choose the cards randomly from the two piles.
2.) With the long strips, each child in turn takes one, reads it, executes the command, lays out the symbols and copies it down. Again the objects remain but the labels are removed as the child finishes copying.
Aim: Point of consciousness: the function of the preposition is to put objects in relation to one another in a specific manner.
Ages: 7-8 years
Note: The children may have prepositional commands in creative movement exercises: bodies in relation to one another.