very long strips of paper, black and red pens
all of the symbols known, and the pronoun symbols
similar objects from the environment
impressionistic charts of the Verb Family
The teacher writes a long command, which consists of several actions on one object, i.e. Go to a friend, get a pencil, bring the pencil to your place, put the pencil on the table. The child reads the command aloud and executes it. Afterward the symbols are all placed above the words.
The teacher reads the command aloud, this time emphasizing the repetition of the object noun. The child is asked to observe the awkward way that the command was written. The child or the teacher may suggest an improved version using the pronoun it. This version is written on a long strip with the pronoun written in red. The second one sounds better.
The child then places symbols on the words he/she/she can identify in the second command. The child reads the second command again noticing it, and noticing that it replaces the pencil. This word is a pronoun.
Recall the other pronouns.
Symbol…. it is a pronoun. The symbol for pronoun is a tall purple pyramid, (the figure is presented). It resembles the noun symbol, because it takes the place of the noun. The purple is an expression of rage – because it wants to take the noun’s place.
Etymology….(pronoun: pro – from Latin meaning instead, thus we use the pronoun “instead of the noun.”
Give the child two dimensional symbol to place over the pronouns on the second strip. Tear the strip into several parts, and invite the child to rearrange the words so that it will still make logical sense. he/she/she will see that the pronoun (as an object) must follow closely behind the verb.
The Verb Family
Do you remember the noun family? The child is invited to place the symbols (3 dimensional) of the noun family in order in a row. There is also a verb family. It is composed of the verb, adverb and pronoun. Place these three symbols in a row in such a way that the pronoun symbol is on the end nearest to the noun family.
The pronoun is part of the verb family because it must always be close to the verb. Yet, it is also closely related to the noun because it takes the noun’s place sometimes. The pronoun symbol can be moved toward the center of the two families to show that it is being pulled by both sides.
Show the charts to demonstrate this relationship.
1. The verb is energy like the sun; the adverb, like a planet going around the sun, has a close, dependent relationship with the verb. The pronoun, like a rocket, seems to be pulled away by the noun (not pictured). Thus, in spite of the fact that the pronoun is part of the verb family, it is strongly attracted by the noun family.
2. The sun with its fiery rays on one side and gear teeth on the other, represents the verb. The adverb is again represented by a planet which also has gear teeth on one side that will mesh with those of the sun. The pronoun, still a rocket, has no gear teeth, thus it would not fit with the others in the family.
3. The last chart is simply titled “The Verb Family” and has the three symbols pasted on.