Vertebrate and Invertebrate

VERTEBRATE AND INVERTEBRATE (small group presentation)

To identify animals with vertebral columns and animals without vertebral columns.

4+ years

Vertebral column model.
Set of pictures of vertebrates and invertebrates.
Box for sorting with two compartments labelled Vertebrate and Invertebrate.

Introduce the spinal cord to a small group of children.
Note that the back bone is made up of many little bones called vertebrae.
In the centre of the bones is what is called the spinal cord.
The soft discs are between the bones so that they do not rub together.
Show the children where their backbone is and have them feel it.
Show the movement of the column and encourage the children to move in different ways.
Say, “You have a backbone, you are a vertebrate. Animals without a backbone are called invertebrates”.
Introduce the set of cards to the child and have them identify the animals.
Help them sort the pictures into the appropriate categories by prompting the child’s observations.
Note the tails of the vertebrate animals as an extension of their backbone.
When finished the children can check their work by the coding on the back.

Exercise 1:
As in presentation.
The children enjoy looking at skeletal models.
In addition, there are now cards with skeleton overlays for a variety of animals.

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