Weather

WEATHER (individual presentation)

Purpose:
To note daily seasonal weather conditions and the changes that occur.

Age:
5+ years

Material:
Thermometer
Beaufort Wind Scale
Rain gauge
Magnifying glass
Two clear plastic cups
Ruler
Salt.

Presentation:

a) Show a child how to read a thermometer and record the temperature.

b) Track the wind with a small group of children.
On a windy day invite the children to “sense” the wind, using their eyes, ears and body.
Go to the school yard with a small group of children at the same time each day for a week or two and compare the wind with the Beaufort Wind Chart.
Have the children choose the number of the description that best fits the wind and record it.
Note how the wind changes.
The children may also wish to use a leaf to track the wind.
Invite them to hold a large leaf above their head, then drop it.
Watch where it goes.
Notice how the wind’s strength changes the leaf’s movement.

c) Measure the amount of rain which has fallen with a small group of children and a rain gauge.
Record the amount and compare it to other rainfalls.
Encourage the children to predict a rainfall by listening to a weather report and looking for signs in nature (i.e., sky conditions, many flowers close before it rains, smell the air, etc.).

d) Explore the snow.
Go outside when it is snowing.
Use a magnifying glass to study the snowflakes that land on your sleeve.
Compare their patterns.
With a small group of children, fill one clear plastic cup with snow.
Measure the depth of the snow with a ruler and record it.
Bring the snow inside and place it in a visible area until it all melts.
Now invite the children to measure the remaining water and record it.
Compare the two measurements.
On another day invite a small group of children to fill two clear cups with snow and bring them inside.
Have a child add about a handful of salt to one container.
The children should keep checking to see which cupful of snow melts first.

Exercise 1:
As in presentation.
Extend the exercises according to the interest of the children.

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